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January 6, 2018

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Home » District » Chongming

Chongming develops blueprint for a green eco-system

CHONGMING Island, already a place of great distinction, has set out a blueprint to go green. A quarter of the island is forested, one-third is basic farmland and two core water resources, and a perfect place for China’s third largest island to build a green eco-system.

In 2016, Shanghai announced its “Chongming World-Class Eco-Island Development 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-20).” By 2020, Chongming will be characterized by green development, culture, wisdom and sustainability.

Organic farming produces fruit and vegetables throughout Shanghai. Natural wetlands, fresh air and clean waterways have made the island a favorite getaway spot for those seeking a respite from the urban hubbub.

According to the recent “Shanghai Chongming Modern Green Agriculture Development Three-Year Plan (2018-20),” the island plans to develop 810,000 mu (54,000 hectares) of basic farmland it has at its disposal, with soil organic matter up to 22.11 grams per kilogram.

Chongming’s rich natural resources and excellent advantages in eco-foundation means the area is ideally fertile for crop development.

Chongming was the first district in Shanghai to complete a property rights reform system of collective economy at both the town and village levels. Around 125 products, from 88 enterprises in Chongming, have been certified as green food. There are 753 high-quality business entities that have been cultivated, forming “three farms, one co-operative and one leading enterprise.”

By 2020, the proportion of farmland area utilized by new agriculture business entities will be over 90 percent, as will be the rate of green food certification, while green certification of husbandry products will achieve zero breakthroughs.

‘2+2+1’ Industrial Layout

The 2018 Shanghai Chongming Agriculture Investment Fair, held today at Shanghai Exhibition Center, revealed around 50,000 mu of quality farmland is to be introduced in this year’s agriculture investment invitation. Contiguous farmland coverage of over 500 mu amounts to 30,301 mu in total, and that over 100 mu amounts to 19,991 mu.

The “2+2+1” Industrial Layout will guide quality agricultural enterprises to settle down in two agricultural enterprise zones, agriculture co-operatives and one industrial park. The two agricultural enterprise zones are Chongming Scientific and Technological Innovation Zone of Ecological Agriculture and Chongming Modern Agriculture Zone; The two agriculture co-operatives are those along Sanwan Road, Beishuang Village, Gangxi Town and Xianqiao Village and Shuxin Town. And the one industrial park is Hengsha Industrial Park of Modern Ecological Agriculture.

“We aim to integrate folk culture and agricultural experience through proper layout of agricultural and recreation facilities,” says Song Xuemei, director of Chongming’s agricultural committee.

“The project of Hengsha Modern Agricultural Industry Park is under way now. With the idea of advanced technology, high quality and high added-value, we guide quality agricultural industry to settle down and form a demonstration benchmark of green, organic high-end agriculture.”

Preferential policy

In order to promote development of green agriculture in Chongming, the government has promulgated a number of preferential policies to help the development of business entities, focusing on green development, revitalization of agriculture through science and technology, cultivation of entities, brand building and production sales linkage.

Chongming constructs a batch of vegetable products protection zones, food production functional areas and advantageous agricultural products zones. The aim is to allocate 94,000-mu vegetable production and 1,850,000-mu grain production functional zones

Song said that Chongming is the hometown of the tangerine in Shanghai. Ten thousand mu of land in Luhua Town is prepared for tangerine cultivation.

Chongming started large-scale tangerine growing nearly 30 years ago and now has 4,267 hectares of fields, accounting for over 80 percent of Shanghai’s tangerine growing area. Average annual output from these fields totals about 110,000 tons, official data revealed this year. Every year, those in downtown Shanghai can sample Chongming tangerines at stalls set up at Yangpu Park, Zhongshan Park, Luxun Park, Heping Park, Changfeng Park and Shanghai Botanical Garden.

Chongming tangerines have received numerous awards and accolades over the years thanks to their delicious taste and eco-friendly growing practices. With thin peels and juicy flesh, Chongming tangerines are both delicious and a good source of vitamin C, folate and beta-carotene.

Changxing Island is one of the main producers of Chongming tangerines. A tangerine festival is now underway in the town. Visitors are welcome to come and pick a few tangerines or go cycling around the reservoir. They can also learn how to make a tangerine lamp.

Chongming flower seedling industry will also be further promoted by 2020. There will be three group development areas, including Chongdong area for scientific research, Chongzhong area for Dongping Forest Park and Chongxi area for flowers and small green industrialization base.

Moreover, local delicacies like Chongming white goat, Shawutou pig, high-quality hybrid rice, taro, white beans and gourd will be further developed and the government will import new species.


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