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Shanghai population at 22.21 million and fast aging

SHANGHAI'S population reached 22.21 million last year, including 14.12 million registered permanent residents and 8.3 million migrants who stayed in the city for over six months, Shanghai Population and Family Planning Commission announced today.

Migrants accounted for 37.37 percent of local population, according to the commission's report.

Population officials summed up four characteristics of Shanghai population in the past five years: 1) a growing population with a rapid increase of migrants; 2) imbalance in age structure; 3) rising population density; 4) better population quality and longer life expectancy.

In 2008, the local population was 19.21 million, including 13.79 million registered residents, the report said.

Shanghai has a serious aging problem with the group aged at and above 60 growing from 2.66 million in 2005 to 3.16 million in 2009. Their percentage in total population rose from 19.58 percent in 2005 to 22.54 percent in 2009.

By contrast, the city's minors, those under the age of 14, numbered only 1.17 million in 2009 or 8.3 percent of the population, which is 10.2 percentage points lower than the national standard. The percentage of minors is 18.5 in China and 27 in the world.

Shanghai's population density stood at 3,503 persons per square kilometer last year, more than 20 times of the national level. Compared with figures in 2005, the density rose by 699 people per square kilometer, the commission said.


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