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February 6, 2015

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Home » Metro » Health and Science

Cancer remains second-deadly disease for locals

CANCER remains the second-most deadly disease in Shanghai even though the disease has been growing at a slower pace, according to the Shanghai Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Four out of 1,000 locals are diagnosed with cancer annually, with an average 162 new cases detected in the city every day, according to the latest figure provided by the center. Men account for 53.3 percent of the new cases.

About 36,000 locals die of cancer every year, with the number of men as high as 60 percent. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is the top killer in the city.

Lung cancer accounts for about 17 percent of all new cancer cases, followed by colorectal cancer at 13 percent.

Breast cancer is the most common form found among local women, followed by colorectal and lung cancer. The incidence of breast cancer is 66 among every 100,000 local women.

Lung cancer accounts for 22 percent of new cases among men, followed by colorectal and stomach cancer.

Overall, cancer leads to 32 percent of deaths in the city. Lung cancer at 24 percent remains the top killer for both men and women. The mortality rate of lung cancer among local men is 87 per 100,000 and 35 per 100,000 for women. The incidence of lung cancer is 72 per 100,000 in the city, higher than China’s average figure.

The incidence of lung cancer is 53.57 per 100,000 people in China, and the death rate is 45.57 per 100,000. The average age of cancer patients in the city is 65.01 at present compared to 64.17 at 10 years ago. It is 55.65 years old for breast cancer patients now compared with 58.08 at 10 years ago.

In the last decade, the incidence of cancer rose 6.7 percent from 10 years ago, compared to 15.9 percent of the corresponding period 10 years ago, which means the disease has been affecting the locals at a slower pace, the center said. The five-year survival rate of cancer patients rose by 25.8 percent compared to 10 years ago.

Smoking, air pollution, work-related stress, chronic lung disease and genetic susceptibility can all lead to lung cancer, said Dr Wang Changli of Tianjin Cancer Institute and Hospital.


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