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City records 211,700 births last year, 49% by migrants

LAST year 211,700 babies were born in Shanghai, a drop from the record high of 239,600 babies delivered in 2012, according to the white paper released by the Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission today.

Among all the newborns last year, 108,400 or 51.19 percent were delivered by women who are permanent residents of Shanghai.

Local maternity hospitals said they are prepared for a sharp increase in childbirths after the city allowed couples with one spouse being the only child himself or herself to have a second child. Some 20,000 to 30,000 more childbirths are expected each year in coming years.

“Shanghai will push for public hospital reform, offer better prenatal services, persuade couples to avoid the baby boom, strengthen prevention of infectious diseases and promote the role of general physicians,” said Shen Xiaochu, director of the Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission.

Maternal death rate was 8.15 per 100,000 in Shanghai last year. Main causes of maternal deaths are circulatory system disorder, tumor and respiratory disease.

The main causes of infant deaths are neonatal disease, congenital abnormality, and injury or poisoning. Mortality causes for infants born of migrant women are injury or poisoning, circulatory system disorder, and tumor.

Injury and poisoning accounted for 24.6 percent of non-Shanghai maternal and infant deaths last year with traffic accidents the No. 1 killer.

Last year 1,358 children under the age of 5 died in Shanghai. Among them, 1,029 were children of migrants.

The five leading causes of child mortalities in Shanghai are congenial heart disease, premature delivery, other congenital abnormality, drowning, and accidental suffocation.


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