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January 15, 2011

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Home » Metro » Health and Science

Shanghai projects win prizes

A TOTAL of 55 projects headed by or involving local experts won State Scientific and Technological Awards yesterday.

Local projects won six prizes in natural sciences, four in technological inventions and 45 in science and technology progress.

Twelve projects were in the field of health care.

"In the past five years, more than 50 city health care projects, mostly involving prevention and control of common diseases and early detection and intervention on cancer, have been honored in these awards reflecting Shanghai's capability in diagnosis and treatment on major diseases," said Yin Bangqi of the Shanghai Science and Technology Commission.

Solar power all the year round

A system developed by Shanghai Jiao Tong University uses solar energy all year round to keep us cool in summer, warm in winter and provide ventilation in spring and autumn. The system uses water heated by building solar collectors on buildings to drive refrigeration for cooling.

Since solar energy is not constant in different seasons and weather conditions, the system can work with regular air-conditioners to save energy and improve efficiency. The system was used at World Expo pavilions.

Softly, softly approach to jute

Jute is the world's second most used fiber after cotton, however it is usually made into low-end products such as sacks due to the lack of technology to refine it.

Biological techniques developed by Shanghai's Donghua University are able to make tough jute into soft and gentle fibers for high quality fabric to make a wide range of textile products and even clothes, while saving limited cotton resources.

Keeping hairy crabs fit and well

Experts from Shanghai Ocean University have solved key problems inherent in the breeding, disease prevention and treatment of the famous Shanghai hairy crab, or Chinese mitten crab, and developed nutritious feed to enhance the crabs' reproductive quality and baby crab health.

Experts also worked out ways to control common diseases through ecological technologies and tonics.

The technology has been promoted in more than 10 provinces to date.

Just what the babies need

More than a million newborn babies are hospitalized soon after delivery for various diseases in the nation every year, and nutritional support is a must for their survival and recovery.

Headed by Dr Cai Wei, Shanghai's Xinhua Hospital's team was the first in the world to work out a suitable volume of energy for newborn babies, 30 percent lower than the standard.

The team also worked out the nation's first clinical guidance on newborn nutritional support and it has been adopted throughout the country.

TCM team finds something new

A team from Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine analyzed the chemical and pharmacological features of Chinese herbs and set up a database with 8,000 TCM abstracts, 6,000 TCM simplex components, 100 TCM effective parts and 200 compound TCM prescriptions.

The team has developed nine new TCM medicines by modern technologies and received two international patents. Two new medicines have been transferred to companies with 140 million yuan in profit.

An ecological approach to oil

Microbial enhanced oil recovery is a technology consisting of manipulating the function and structure of minute life forms in oil reservoirs to improve the recovery of oil trapped in porous media.

Currently, only 35 percent of oil can be extracted, leaving two-thirds behind.

East China University of Science and Technology's oil extraction technology is environmentally friendly improving recovery of the residue with less energy.


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