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March 4, 2010

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Home » Metro » Health and Science

Syphilis, TB top infectious diseases list

SYPHILIS, tuberculosis, gonorrhea, viral hepatitis and swine flu were the top five infectious diseases in the city last year, the Shanghai Health Bureau said yesterday.

Those maladies accounted for 92 percent of all reported cases of severe infectious disease, according to the bureau's annual report.

Dysentery, usually one of the top five, was displaced by the outbreak of swine flu that crossed the world. Shanghai detected 2,668 cases of swine flu since the first patient was found in May.

Shanghai reported 38,299 infectious diseases last year, almost 1 percent fewer than 2008.

Tuberculosis, viral hepatitis, AIDS, swine flu and rabies were responsible for 97 percent of the 181 deaths from infectious disease.

AIDS keeps rising every year on the annual report. The city registered 157 AIDS cases last year, including 106 local residents and 51 people from outside Shanghai. There were 132 cases in 2008.

AIDS victims among Shanghai residents rose sixfold since 2005, when 17 Shanghainese were registered for AIDS.

Only 30 people were reported as AIDS patients by Shanghai Health Bureau in its annual report in 2005.

In their effort to fight diseases, local health authorities have kicked off a new doctor-training system, a reform designed to improve medical staff's qualifications.

"It is a must to reform training system for med graduates," said Gu Yong, president of Shanghai No. 5 People's Hospital.

Under the new system, all medical graduates must receive three years of training and then can be hired as clinical medical practitioners. Previously, a young doctor would have been hired by one hospital and receive training there. Doctors' qualifications differed due to their employers' standard.


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