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China, Vietnam mark borderline

CHINA and Vietnam yesterday marked the final demarcation of their land border at the Youyiguan border gate in Pingxiang City in south China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

The completion of the demarcation would be conducive to peace and stability of the border area, promote trade and exchanges and push forward the comprehensive and strategic partnership of the two countries, said a statement from China's Foreign Ministry.

The 1,300-kilometer border starts at the junction of China, Vietnam and Laos and continues along the Beilun River to the coast.

In the late 19th century, China's Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and the French colonial administration in Vietnam concluded a treaty delineating the border. The border negotiations started in the 1970s and were suspended later that decade.

In the early 1990s, China and Vietnam resumed negotiations, and agreed to discuss a new treaty based on that signed in the 19th century. They finalized the land boundary treaty on December 30, 1999. They started demarcation work in 2001 and finished late last year.

The China-Vietnam joint committee for land border demarcation was established by both governments in November 2001. The committee was in charge of border demarcation and marker planting as well as drafting a protocol on border demarcation and marker planting.

The joint committee comprised 12 joint working teams. These teams were responsible for on-site demarcation work. In December 2001, the first marker on the border was installed.

The two sides reached an agreement on the remaining issues related to a land boundary survey on December 31, 2008. The agreement achieved the goal set by the leaders of China and Vietnam to complete the survey and the erection of boundary markers this year.

During the eight-year effort, Chinese and Vietnamese officials worked almost 1 million days and held 14 rounds of meetings between the heads of the two governmental-level delegations.


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