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Feds shut bank in Georgia, 18 failures this year

Regulators yesterday shut down FirstCity Bank in Georgia, marking the 18th failure this year of a federally insured bank. More are expected to succumb to the prolonged recession.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. was appointed receiver of the failed bank, located in Georgia. It had about US$297 million in assets and US$278 million in deposits as of March 18.

The FDIC said it will mail checks to depositors of FirstCity Bank for their insured funds on Monday morning. Direct deposits from the federal government, such as Social Security and veterans' benefits payments, will be transferred to SunTrust Bank.

At the time of closing, FirstCity Bank had an estimated US$778,000 in deposits that exceeded the insurance limits, the FDIC said. Regular deposit accounts are insured up to US$250,000.

The FDIC estimates that the cost to the deposit insurance fund from the closing of FirstCity Bank will be about US$100 million.

The last bank closing, two weeks ago, also involved a Georgia bank, Freedom Bank of Georgia.

As the economy sours, unemployment rises, home prices tumble and loan defaults soar, bank failures have cascaded and sapped billions out of the deposit insurance fund. It now stands at its lowest level in nearly a quarter-century, US$18.9 billion as of Dec. 31, compared with US$52.4 billion at the end of 2007.

The FDIC expects that bank failures will cost the insurance fund around US$65 billion through 2013.

The agency said yesterday that the nation's banks and thrifts lost US$32.1 billion in the final quarter of last year, even worse than the US$26.2 billion originally reported last month. "Significant" revisions also lowered the industry's net income for all of 2008 to US$10.2 billion from US$16.1 billion.

Rising losses on loans and eroding values of assets bit into the revenue of US banks and thrifts in late 2008, causing them to post the first quarterly deficit in 18 years.

The US$26.2 billion loss originally reported for the October-December period already was the largest in 25 years of FDIC records. It compared with a US$575 million profit in the fourth quarter of 2007.

And the originally reported 2008 net income of US$16.1 billion was the smallest annual profit since 1990, during the savings and loan crisis.

The 18 bank collapses this year follow 25 failures in 2008, which included two of the biggest savings and loans, Washington Mutual Inc. and IndyMac Bank. Last year's total was more than in the previous five years combined and up from only three failures in 2007.

The FDIC had 252 banks and thrifts on its list of troubled institutions at the end of 2008, up from 171 in the third quarter.

The agency recently raised the fees that US banks and thrifts pay, and levied a hefty emergency premium in a bid to collect US$27 billion this year to replenish the insurance fund.

President Barack Obama has outlined a federal budget proposal that calls for spending up to US$750 billion for additional financial industry rescue efforts atop the US$700 billion that Congress has already approved.

Citigroup Inc. and Bank of America Corp., for example, have had to go back to the government well for more cash amid continuing losses from toxic assets and soured consumer loans. They each have received US$45 billion in bailout money, and the government recently agreed to exchange up to US$25 billion of Citigroup's portion for as much as a 36 percent equity stake in the struggling banking giant.


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