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Shanghai to build human tissue bank for medical research

SHANGHAI will cooperate with the Ministry of Health to build a national-level tissue bank for medical research, experts told a Sino-US symposium on clinical and translational medicine held here today.

A tissue bank collects human cadaver tissues, especially specimens from patients with different diseases, for clinical research.

"Currently, most of our medical research is conducted on cells and animals. Scientists may not be able to cure patients even though they successfully treated the disease in experiments on cells and animals," said Fan Daiming, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

"Experiments on human tissues, especially a collection of different human tissues with the same disease, are very important for therapy development. Developed countries have built many tissue banks," he added.

Fan said the Shanghai tissue bank will come into use in three to five years with a collection of at least 10,000 samples. Each disease will have several hundred samples.

"Common diseases like cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, tumors, metabolic diseases, congenital deformity and orthopedic diseases will make up the bulk of the bank's inventory," he said.

Chinese medical experts said that up to 80 or 90 percent of research achievements in the country fail to be applied clinically to benefit patients. Translational medicine can bridge basic research and clinical practice by putting laboratory achievements into practice and obtaining feedback from practice.


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