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China's new ways to create jobs

CHINA is finding new ways to get jobs for the country's millions of college graduates as the current financial crisis takes its toll on vacancies.

New measures include encouraging college graduates to work in rural areas and in smaller firms, and giving financial support for start-ups of their own businesses, according to a circular issued by the general office of the State Council yesterday.

The central government said in January that finding employment for college graduates should be the top priority of the country's employment work, as graduates are China's "valuable human resources."

China has 6.11 million college students due to graduate this year, and another 1 million from last year are still looking for jobs after they failed to get a job in 2008.

According to a Blue Book of China's Economy (2009) released last December by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, a major government think tank, 1 million unemployed graduates accounted for about 12 percent of college graduates from last year.

The situation was worsened after about 20 million migrant workers lost their jobs as many exporters were forced to halt or reduce production as a result of weakening overseas demands.

Last year, 11.13 million urban jobs were created, while the country's economy expanded by 9 percent.

In the context of an economic slowdown, the country has the task of maintaining an economic growth that could generate enough jobs for the unemployed this year.

Yesterday's circular is calling on college graduates to work in rural areas, at grassroots urban communities and in smaller enterprises, in a bid to explore more channels of employment for them.

The country would offer subsidies and preferential policies for further studies to lure college graduates away from big cities, where they prefer to stay in pursuit of better job opportunities.

College graduates who work as village officials, rural teachers, rural doctors, or serve at communities of residential areas in the cities would get subsidies and proper coverage of social security, said the circular.

University students who work in remote areas of the country's middle and western parts for a certain period, or serve in the army after graduation, could be exempted from part of the tuition or schooling loans.

In addition, students with grassroots working experience would have priority when they enroll for postgraduate studies and as civil servants.

The country would also facilitate employment of college graduates at smaller enterprises, according to the circular.

Employers could get social security subsidies from the government, or exemption of some taxes, according to the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security. Small labor-intensive enterprises would get loans for hiring a certain number of college students registered as unemployed.

China is also stepping up support for graduates starting up in business and launching a graduate trainee program.


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