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July 6, 2020

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Education focuses on children’s creativity

BUBBLING soda elves, dancing with revived dinosaurs, immigrating to the moon with pandas ­— the vivid drawings and imagination behind the colors seem to defy the stereotypical image that Chinese children are smart but lacking in imagination and creativity.

A search for “creativity“ or “imagination” on Chinese social media platforms returns many top-click pages asking the question: “Why do our kids lack creativity/imagination?”

“The fact that we have such critical voices is an indication that our social environment is getting better in valuing the personality development of kids,” said Li Songwei, who has a PhD in psychology from Peking University and is the father of an 8-year-old.

Li said the educational environment for children is closely related to a country’s economic level and production development. As its economic level is raised, its productivity relies more on innovation and a progressive and more flexible education system will be valued instead of the classic standard one.

“That’s the trend in China,” Li said.

An increasing number of campaigns and competitions that showcase artworks and scientific innovation by children from around the country matches Li’s view.

The drawings mentioned above are among more than 12,000 paintings that McDonald’s has collected for its “Amazing Kids” campaign that began in May and will run through the end of July.

The campaign aims to encourage and showcase children’s dreams and the paintings will be taken into space when China’s Chang’e-5 probe flies to the moon later this year.

Various authorities and institutions have been running surveys and research since the early 2000s, promoting an all-round education rather than only valuing test scores.

“‘Quality education’ has been a buzzword since I was in high school in the late 1990s,” said Xu, a 35-year-old primary school Chinese teacher and mother of an 11-year-old. “There was a lot of talk about how ‘spoon-fed’ education needs to be changed and workloads for students need to be reduced, but I didn’t actually feel much as a student back then.

“I can see the changes now. In my years, it was normal to turn arts or physical education classes into Chinese, English or math classes. It’s prohibited now. There are also requirements on reducing homework, on extracurricular activities, among others. The effects are showing, gradually, but it will take years and more reforms to have even better results.”

Today’s parents are also different from their parents, indicated in top-click pages and articles about “how to nurture art skills in a kid,” “how to keep the kid curious,” or “how to make a kid more creative,” and are increasingly expanding the children’s book market.

In the first six months of this year, the best-selling children’s books on e-commerce site include not only traditionally popular “educational” ones on history, classic Chinese and science, but also more fun adventure stories, cartoons and detective novels.

“There are so many choices in children’s books now, both domestic and imported ones,” said 25-year-old Lu Qian, who shares a story with his 3-year-old son every evening.

“Of course I prefer something educational in some sense, but it’s a broad definition of educational, anything that makes him curious about the world, and deepens my relationship with my son. For example, he loves dinosaurs, so we bought a lot of such books. I don’t look to him to becoming an archeologist or biologist one day, probably not necessarily a doctor or lawyer either. I want him to be successful in whatever he does. After all, there are more choices now.”

When his son is ready for primary school, the schools will be very different too, as there have been many reforms in recent years.

In January, the Shanghai Education Commission and five other government departments issued regulations to promote sports and the arts in primary and secondary schools, requiring all schools to provide classes, after-class training and other events to help develop arts and sports skills.

Each primary or middle school is required to set up at least seven sports programs and four arts programs by the end of the year, with eight sports and five arts programs in high schools.


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